The city of Carcassonne
The City of Carcassonne is a medieval architectural ensemble that is located in the French town of Carcassonne in the department of Aude. It is located on the right bank of the Aude, in the southeast of the present town. This fortified medieval city, whose origins go back to the Gallo-Roman period, owes its fame to its double enclosure, reaching nearly 3 km in length and comprising fifty-two towers, which dramatically dominates the valley of the Aude. The city also includes a castle (the castle comtal) and a basilica (the basilica Saint-Nazaire).
The City of Carcassonne was saved from destruction by the action and tenacity of the archaeologist Jean-Pierre Cros-Mayrevieille, then restored in the nineteenth century in a sometimes controversial way under the direction of Viollet-le-Duc and then Boeswillwald. Since 1972, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The castle, fortifications, and towers belong to the state and are managed by the center of the national monuments, while the lices and the rest of the City are part of the municipal domain.
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